Thanks for your information on Canada, Carol.
The American founders were wary of democracy. Initially senators were not even directly elected. They were elected by state legislators, not the public.
The Electoral College was, I think, designed to reduce the power of the voters.
The American system is further skewed by gerrymandering of election districts and the polarizing effects of party primaries.
I am beginning to think that the USA might be better off by simply letting the citizens in each state vote for the Republican Party or the Democratic Party or any other party that somehow reasonably qualifies for the ballot, then allocating the number of seats each gets based on the number of votes for each party and giving them out to the highest vote-getters in that party in that election.
No plan is perfect, but I think some fundamental changes in procedure would likely be a good idea.
Sorry, but I don’t have any references on U.S. politics to give to you. I’m afraid you’re stuck with running some Google searches on that topic.
— David Grace